Advanced Colon Cancer
Generally, colon cancer is considered advanced if it has spread
beyond the colon or there is a recurrence of the cancer after
Stage 3 Colon Cancer
If the cancer has reached the submucosa of the
lining (the middle layers of the colon) and
involves 1-3 lymph nodes it is
classified as Stage 3A.
If the cancer has penetrated the outermost layers of
the colon wall and has reached nearby tissue, nearby
organs (such as the bladder) or into the peritoneum it
is classified as Stage 3B.
The five-year survival rate for this stage
is generally 64 percent.
If the cancer is present in at least 4 lymph nodes
it is classified as Stage 3C. With treatment, the
five-year survival rate is generally approximately
Stage 4 Colon Cancer
metastatic colon cancer
is the phase that is reached when the cancer spreads to
distant sites, such as the liver or the lungs. Even
with treatment the five-year survival rate for
metastatic colon cancer is generally considered to
be approximately 8-15 percent.
Recurrent Colon Cancer
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This is cancer that has come back after it was treated to
the point of being undetectable. The cancer can come back
in the colon, the lymph nodes, or in a distant part of
the body. Very often, it comes back in the liver.
Sometimes it also comes back in the lungs. Regardless of
where it come back, it is still colon cancer and is
treated with techniques and therapies specific for colon
Since colon cancer elevates the CEA count in some people,
anyone whose CEA was elevated prior to surgery for colon
cancer normally has hir or her CEA monitored for at least
several years after treatment. A consistent or rapid rise
in CEA may indicate that the cancer has returned. In such
cases, diagnostic testing such as a colonoscopy a and
CAT scan are performed in order to understand where the
cancer is located so that appopriate treatment can
commence. Treatment for recurrent colon cancer is not
always as effective as treatment for the original cancer.
If you or a family member have been diagnosed with Stage 3 or Stage 4 (Metastatic) Colon Cancer and
a health care provider
Please be sure to include your name and a telephone number where we can reach you.
- ignored complaints of symptoms consistent with Colon Cancer, such as blood in the stool,
attributing them to hemorrhoids,
- failed to screen starting at age 50 for Colon Cancer
by recommending a
- colonoscopy or
- sigmoidoscopy and testing for fecal occult blood, or
- failed to follow up after an abnormal test result
Our law firm, together with the
network of other
law firms that we work with, helps victims of medical
Law Office of Joseph A. Hernandez, P.C.
675 VFW Parkway
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467
Phone: (781) 461-9400
Toll free: (866) 461-9400
Please be sure to include a telephone number where we can call you for additional details.
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